The main thesis of dominion theology is that Holy Bible contains all necessary information needed to run major aspects of society. Those aspects include politics, economy, social, education, work, and so on. The job of Christians are therefore to find out about these information and implement those policies in society, by the means of various institutions such as state, corporation, school and so on.
Dominion theology adherents believe that if such Biblical principles are implemented in this world there will be so called ‘heaven on earth’. Various evils in the world can be removed such as oppression, injustice, poverty, sickness, etc. Dominion theology often also linked with eschatology belief called postmillenialism.
Postmillenialism is the belief that we are currently living in the era of millenium. The term millenium refers to the 1000 years kingdom of God, specified in Revelation 20: 1-6. Now, Satan’s power has been limited and Kingdom of God represented by Gospel will continue to expand in this world. Revival will happen and many people will come to Christ. Gradually, this world will be conquered for Christ. Christians shall rule over the earth and there will be justice, peace and prosperity. After that, our Lord Jesus Christ shall come and establish New Jerusalem on earth.
Why do these two doctrine interlink with each others? In order to have motivation to establish institutions based on Biblical principle, you need to be convinced that it will withstand various challenges. You cannot establish something that probably will not last forever. That is the assurance provided by postmillenialist doctrine. Dominionists’ effort to establish these institutions will not be futile because through these institutions believers will eventually rule the earth with Christ!
The main danger of this system is that there is the vision of utopia and concrete steps to achieve it. We already saw how the effort to bring utopia on earth, promised by secular ideologies such as Nazism and Communism ended up bringing utopia to its ruler but hell on earth to everybody else.
And dominion theology is not much different than Nazism and Communism, except that it uses Christian clothing. Think about it. If so called believers will rule over earth with fully Biblical laws, what will happen to those that against the system? What happens to the atheists, Muslims, homosexuals, porn stars, evolutionists, and so on. They are either to be ‘reeducated’ with Bible class, expelled, or excommunicated from society! Sounds not much different than Nazi!
Another danger of this theology that it will make Christianity less appealing to unbelievers. We are supposed to serve the world so that the world will be convinced of love message of Christ, not to rule over them (Matthew 20: 25-28)! Who will want to hear love message if you want to eventually take control of their lives!
Most importantly, this theology is obviously not true. We should not look further than to the Parables of the Weeds (Matthew 13: 24-30) and its explanation (Matthew 13: 36-43). I will quote Parables of the Weeds for the reader:
Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
The owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’
‘An enemy did this,’ he replied.
The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’
‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn'”
In this parable, Lord Jesus illustrated that both good and evil people will continue to exist side by side until the end of the age. He forbids any efforts to uproot the weeds since it will probably also affects the wheat. That means while some people are evil, they still provide some good to other people in this world. You may said, for an example, that drug dealers are evil. They are weeds. They continuously live at expense of other people’s life that are addicted to their drugs. But they also provide their children with shelter, education and food. If God just strokes drug dealers, their children (who are probably the wheat) will also be affected.
And notice at the end of parable, it is the ANGELS who will tie the weeds to be burned. So, the judge will not be believers like vision of those dominionists. It will be through God’s hand and his angels that the wicked will be punished. We are supposed to continue persevere in our faith and spread the Gospel until all people hear the message (Matthew 24: 14).
So, I have illustrated the danger of dominion theology and that this theology is not true based on what Lord Jesus himself said. However, this theology is just symptom of a part of bigger problem. Essentially, the problem is the ideology of infinite progress. Ideology of progress proposes that as times goes by, human can and will continuously improve the world by technology innovation, better political, economy, and social institution. This ideology is believed by most secular and religious people. And this ideology also caused most of the problems in 20th century.
I plan to debunk this ideology of infinite progress on my next post, if I have time.