There is a reason why I am so fascinated about Book of Enoch. I am usually quite pragmatic person in the sense that when I try to understand something, it is because it will be relevant to my life or human daily life. Obviously, angels are supposedly not one of the topic that will generate my interest. I just knew that they are part of God’s creations but never bother to study them in great details. Our dwelling place (earth) and their dwelling place (heaven and hell) are quite separated that for us, human, we cannot go back there and return at will.
The Book of Enoch told the things that made angels become relevant things to our study. If they can transform themselves into physical human at ancient times, unless there is a good reason, it is reasonable to think that the same can be happened in our times. It is an interesting topic to know about and I will discuss about Nephilim in more details another time.
This time, I will discuss about Book of Parables which is second vision of Enoch. Different from the first part, this part told us more about vision of heaven and a mysterious figure called The Elect One. Angels were also mentioned but it is rarer than previous book. It turned out that this character, The Elect One, is more important than angels.
Enoch mentioned in the introduction that he received three parables from God (1 Enoch 37: 4). As previous chapter, first parable was opened by statement about end fate of righteous and unrighteous people. God’s glory will be imparted into His holy people (1 Enoch 38: 4) so that our face will shine. Then, he also received revelation about four God’s archangels (Michael, Raphael, Gabriel and Phanuel) (1 Enoch 40: 9). He also saw mansions of the elect in heaven (1 Enoch 41: 2) which is parallel with what Lord Jesus told in John 14: 2.
After that, in Second Parable, a mysterious figure called The Elect One was introduced. God said that The Elect One will sit on the throne of glory and test the works of righteous people (1 Enoch 45: 3). He will dwell among His people (1 Enoch 45: 4) and will “raise up the kings and the mighty from their seats and break the teeth of the sinners” (1 Enoch 46: 4). He will also become light of the Gentiles and hope of those who are troubled at heart (1 Enoch 48: 4). All who dwell on earth shall fall down and worship Him (1 Enoch 48: 5). In the Day of Judgment, the earth and Sheol (the grave) and hell will give back all dead people and The Elect One will choose the righteous and holy from among the dead (1 Enoch 51: 1-2).
The judgement on earth by flood was also told. God said He will open all the storehouses of waters above heavens and under heaven and they shall destroy all who live on the dry land and those who live under ends of heaven (1 Enoch 54: 7, 9). But after execution, God repented and said He will not do this again and he will set sign on heaven as covenant. This event is precisely Noah’s flood which was also told in Genesis. His promise in this book was also repeated in Genesis 8: 21-22. It was the end of Second Parable.
On Third Parable, Enoch spoke concerning the righteous and elect. The righteous shall be in the light of the sun, and the elect will be in the light of eternal life. The days of their life shall be unending and without numbers (1 Enoch 58: 3).
In the end of the revelation, archangel Michael elaborated details about fallen angels and their sins. Some noteworthy fallen angels are Gadreel who deceived Eve (1 Enoch 69: 6), Penemue who was said to teach mankind in writing with ink and paper and made them sinning from eternity to eternity (1 Enoch 69: 8-9), and Kasdeja who apparently taught witchcraft and ‘smitings of the embryo inside womb’ (abortion?) (1 Enoch 69: 12).
The revelation ended by declaration pointing the Son of Man who will proclaim peace in the world, the righteous people will heave peace and upright way in the name of Lord of spirits forever and ever (1 Enoch 71: 15, 17).
Several notable points:
1) The identity of The Elect One is Jesus Christ. There are so many parallel words about the Elect One from this book and Gospel and hard to argue that it is not the case. Also, God himself called Jesus as ‘The Elect One’ in Luke 9: 35 in original Greek (eklelegmenos). As for Enoch’s claim that The Elect One will separate the righteous from the dead on the Day of Judgment (1 Enoch 51: 1-2) was repeated by Lord Jesus in Parable of Sheep and Goat (Matthew 25: 31-46).
2) This book seems to support annihilationist doctrine of hell. Several times this book pointed out that sinners will perish and will not be seen anymore (1 Enoch 48: 9; 53: 2; 56: 8; 62: 13). Annihilationism is doctrine who claims that at the end of days, all soul of unrepentant sinners who go to hell will be completely destroyed and cease to exist. In contrast with eternal torment doctrine embraced by majority of Christians which said unrepentant sinners will be tortured in hell, this doctrine is minority.
3) Fallen angels (demons) taught human abortion technique (1 Enoch 69: 12). Many modern people are so frightened if they hear the word ‘genocide’ as they imagine horrors caused by Hitler, Stalin and Mao. However, what they never realize is that the genocide is legally practiced around the world under different name (abortion) and somehow perfectly acceptable by most people just because the victim’s body is very small and they cannot scream. It is estimated that 200 millions babies died each year in because of sex-selective abortion. Hitler will be very proud of it….
4) Ink and paper can make you sinning (1 Enoch 69: 9-10). This is very strange verse, in my opinion….I do agree that writing can make relationship between humans less intimate since writing can let you know other people’s thought without relating to them. But sinning because of writing….
That’s it for Book of Parables! Hopefully you enjoy it and in next post, I will get back to discuss 6th commandment of Torah.