The Book of Jubilees also known as The Little Genesis and The Apocalypse of Moses is attributed to Moses. He wrote it during his times in Mt. Sinai as an angel of God dictated to him regarding events hat took place from the beginning of the world. Essentially, 80% of its contents is also inside Book of Genesis.
Scholars believe it was composed in the 2nd century B.C. An analysis of the chronological development in the shapes of letters in the manuscripts confirms that Jubilees is pre-Christian in date and seems to have been penned between 100 and 200 B.C. The book of Jubilees is also cited in the Qumran Damascus document in pre-Christian texts and the Greek version are quoted by church fathers, including Justin Martyr, Origen, Diodorus of Antioch, Isidore of Alexandria, Eutychius and Syncellus.
In this post, I would like to quote a part of this book regarding its detail instructions on Sabbath, which is in Jubilees 50: 7-9, 12:
7) Six days will you labor, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. 8) You shall do no manner of work in it, you and your sons, and your menservants and your maidservants, and all your cattle and travelers also who lodge with you. The man that does any work on it shall die. Whoever desecrates that day, whoever has sex with his wife, whoever says he will do something on it, or he that will set on a journey on it in regard to any buying or selling, or whoever draws water on it which he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day, and whoever takes up any burden to carry it out of his tent or out of his house shall die. 9) You shall do no work whatsoever on the Sabbath day except what you have prepared for yourselves on the sixth day, so as to eat and drink and rest. Keep Sabbath free from all work on that day. It is to bless the Lord your God, who has given you a day of festival and a holy day, and a day of the holy kingdom. This is a day for Israel among all their days forever…12) Every man who does any work on it, or takes a trip, or tills his farm, whether in his house or any other places, and whoever lights a fire, or rides a beast, or travels by ship on the sea shall die. And whoever strikes or kills anything, or slaughters a beast or a bird, or whoever catches an animal or a bird or a fish, or whoever fasts or makes war on the Sabbaths, the man who does any of these thins on the Sabbath shall die. This is done so that the children of Israel will observe the Sabbaths according to the commandments regarding the Sabbaths of the land. It is written in the tablets, which He gave into my hands that I should write out for you the laws of the seasons and the seasons according to the division of their days. This completes the account of the division of the days.
So, apparently, there are a lot more regulations which are not specified in Torah which include:
- No sexual intercourse
- No business trips or commercial transactions
- No house chore jobs, even taking water
- No carrying heavy load outside
- No work on farms or other places
- No fire
- No riding animal
- No killing animal
- No fasting
- No war
Apparently, the only permitted thing is eating, drinking, and attending worship service…